Child Sacrifice: A Horrifying Practice Through the Ages

IMPORTANT TO NOTE: This and other articles on this website and blog that discusses and describes the practice of child sacrifice based on information available as at date of publishing includes content that does not necessarily reflect the views of the owner of this blog. As the owner I believe child sacrifice is an evil practice and there is nothing in any way that justifies it, and that includes the practice of abortion.  There are additional articles on this blog that discuss and compare child sacrifice and abortion and based on current laws and the unfortunate practice that swaddles abortion in legalese, the practice that denies the humanity of the child in the womb, the articles listing currently known facts about abortion seem to excuse or validate abortion as not being child sacrifice.  As the owner of this blog I vehemently disagree with that perspective. Please read and make your own determinations.

Child Sacrifice Through the Ages: A Dark Chapter in Human History


Child sacrifice has been one of the most horrifying and disturbing practices in human history. The act of offering a child’s life, usually through violent means, has been observed across different civilizations and time periods.

Child sacrifice, the practice of offering the life of a child as a ritualistic offering to appease deities or to gain divine favor, has been an unfortunate aspect of human history. While the act is universally condemned today, it has been recorded throughout various periods and cultures around the world.

This article explores the history of child sacrifice, from its earliest instances of known history to present day, as well as the estimated/assumed motivations behind this gruesome practice. Further this article aims to provide an overview of child sacrifice from ancient times to the present day, offering insight into the motivations and beliefs that have driven this gruesome practice.

Ancient Civilizations

  1. Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt

Child sacrifice was practiced in Mesopotamia and ancient Egypt, although the exact extent and nature of these acts remain unclear. Archaeological evidence from Mesopotamia has revealed the remains of infants buried beneath the foundations of buildings, possibly as a means of ensuring the structure’s stability or to ward off evil spirits. In ancient Egypt, the sacrifice of children was believed to be practiced on a smaller scale and was typically reserved for instances of famine or crisis.

Ancient Mesopotamia In ancient Mesopotamia, the practice of child sacrifice was linked to religious beliefs. Archaeological evidence reveals that children were sacrificed to appease various deities. The children were typically buried in specially prepared graves, often in a fetal position.

  1. Phoenicians and Carthaginians

The Phoenicians and Carthaginians, renowned for their maritime prowess, were known to practice child sacrifice on a larger scale. Evidence suggests that they offered their children, usually infants, to the gods in exchange for protection and blessings. The primary deity associated with this practice was Moloch, who was believed to demand the sacrifice of first-born children. The sacrificial ceremony often took place at a sacred site called a tophet, where the children were either burned alive or had their throats slit.

  1. Pre-Columbian Mesoamerica

In pre-Columbian Mesoamerica, child sacrifice was practiced by various cultures, including the Maya, Aztecs, and Zapotecs. The reasons for these sacrifices were diverse, ranging from religious beliefs to political motivations. Children were often offered to the gods as a way of ensuring the continuation of life, fertility, and success in war. During times of drought or famine, child sacrifice was believed to be a necessary act to appease the gods and restore balance to the natural world.

More About Ancient Civilizations

  1. Ancient Mesopotamia
    In ancient Mesopotamia, the practice of child sacrifice was linked to religious beliefs. Archaeological evidence reveals that children were sacrificed to appease various deities. The children were typically buried in specially prepared graves, often in a fetal position.
  2. Carthaginians
    One of the most notorious civilizations known for child sacrifice is Carthage, a Phoenician city-state in present-day Tunisia. The Carthaginians worshipped a deity named Moloch or Baal Hammon, to whom they offered children, particularly infants. The children were placed into the hands of a heated bronze statue and then burned alive. This practice continued until the Roman conquest of Carthage in 146 BCE.
  3. Ancient Maya
    The Maya civilization practiced child sacrifice, especially during periods of drought, famine, or other natural disasters. Children were considered pure and untainted, and their sacrifice was believed to appease the gods. The most common method of sacrifice involved heart extraction or decapitation.
  4. Inca Empire
    The Inca Empire, which dominated the Andean region of South America, also practiced child sacrifice, known as capacocha. The Incas selected children from across the empire, often of noble birth, to be sacrificed in high-altitude mountain shrines. The children were given intoxicating substances before being killed, usually by strangulation or a blow to the head.

The Decline and Resurgence of Child Sacrifice

With the rise of Christianity and the spread of other major world religions, the practice of child sacrifice diminished. As Christianity spread throughout Europe and beyond, the act was deemed barbaric and morally reprehensible. Although the practice largely disappeared in the Western world, there are still reports of child sacrifice in some remote areas and among certain religious sects.

Modern Day Incidents

In recent times, there have been reports of child sacrifice in various parts of the world, usually driven by superstition or misguided beliefs. In some regions of Africa, children have been targeted for ritual killings, often linked to witchcraft or traditional beliefs. Similarly, in India and Nepal, there have been instances of children being sacrificed in the hopes of gaining favor with deities or to secure success in business ventures.

Modern Instances

Although child sacrifice has largely disappeared from contemporary societies, it has not been entirely eradicated. In some parts of Africa, such as Uganda and Nigeria, there have been reported cases of child sacrifice in recent years. These acts are often driven by superstition and the belief that the use of a child’s body parts in rituals can bring wealth or power.

Public Outcry and Legal Measures

The prevalence of child sacrifice has diminished significantly in modern times, mainly due to the efforts of governments, human rights organizations, and religious groups. Legal measures have been implemented in various countries to criminalize the practice, and efforts have been made to educate communities on the immorality and illegality of child sacrifice.


Child sacrifice is a dark chapter in human history, and is a horrifying practice that has marred human history. Despite its roots in ancient religious beliefs and traditions, it has no place in modern society. The ongoing battle against superstition and ignorance is crucial in eradicating this abhorrent custom for good.

Modern-Day Initiatives to Combat Child Sacrifice

  1. Awareness Campaigns Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and human rights groups have played a critical role in raising awareness about the gruesome practice of child sacrifice. Through various campaigns and outreach programs, they have sought to educate communities about the dangers and consequences of such acts. These efforts have led to increased public outcry and scrutiny, placing pressure on governments to take action.
  2. Collaboration with Traditional Healers In some regions where child sacrifice still occurs, traditional healers have been involved in propagating the practice. To counter this, NGOs and government agencies have engaged with these healers, educating them about the legal and moral implications of child sacrifice. Some traditional healers have even become advocates against the practice, helping to further reduce its occurrence.
  3. Community Empowerment Empowering communities to stand up against child sacrifice is an essential part of combating the practice. By providing education, resources, and support, communities can become more resilient and less susceptible to the influence of superstition and misinformation. Community-based interventions have proven to be effective in reducing instances of child sacrifice.
  4. Rehabilitation and Support for Victims Supporting the victims of child sacrifice and their families is another crucial aspect of addressing the issue. Providing medical care, psychological support, and legal assistance to survivors and their families helps them recover and reintegrate into society. Additionally, it sends a strong message that the practice is unacceptable and that the community will not tolerate it.
  5. Strengthening Legal Frameworks Effective legal frameworks are necessary to prosecute and punish those involved in child sacrifice. Governments must work to strengthen and enforce laws against the practice, ensuring that perpetrators are held accountable. This sends a clear message that child sacrifice will not be tolerated and that the government is committed to protecting the rights of children.


The horrifying practice of child sacrifice has persisted through history, but concerted efforts by governments, NGOs, and communities have helped to reduce its prevalence significantly. Continued vigilance and collaboration are needed to ensure that this gruesome custom is eradicated once and for all. By raising awareness, empowering communities, and strengthening legal frameworks, we can build a future where children are protected and cherished, rather than sacrificed in the name of superstition or misguided beliefs.

For further study on the topic of child sacrifice and the organizations working to eradicate it, consider the following sources and NGOs:

Sources for further study:

  1. Hinnells, J.R. (2015). The Routledge Companion to Death and Dying. Routledge. [Provides a comprehensive overview of various death-related customs, including child sacrifice, across different cultures and time periods.]
  2. Stager, L.E., & Wolff, S.R. (1984). Child Sacrifice at Carthage—Religious Rite or Population Control? Journal of Biblical Literature, 103(1), 31-51. [A scholarly article discussing the evidence and theories surrounding child sacrifice in Carthage.]
  3. Verano, J.W. (2001). The Physical Evidence of Human Sacrifice in Ancient Peru. In W. Conklin & J. Quilter (Eds.), Ritual Sacrifice in Ancient Peru (pp. 165-184). University of Texas Press. [A comprehensive examination of child sacrifice in ancient Peru, with a focus on the physical evidence.]

NGOs and organizations working to eradicate child sacrifice:

  1. UNICEF (United Nations Children’s Fund) – This UN agency works globally to promote and protect the rights of children, including the eradication of harmful practices such as child sacrifice. Website:
  2. Save the Children – An international organization that focuses on improving the lives of children worldwide, including addressing issues such as child exploitation and violence. Website:
  3. World Vision – A Christian humanitarian organization that works globally to combat child exploitation, abuse, and trafficking. They have been involved in efforts to end child sacrifice in countries like Uganda. Website:
  4. Jubilee Campaign – An organization that promotes the human rights and religious liberty of ethnic and religious minorities, including combating child sacrifice in Uganda. Website:
  5. Kyampisi Childcare Ministries – A Ugandan-based organization that focuses on fighting child sacrifice and supporting survivors and their families. Website:

Governments and communities:

Efforts to eradicate child sacrifice are typically carried out by local and national governments in collaboration with NGOs and other organizations. In countries where the practice still occurs, such as Uganda and Nigeria, government agencies work alongside NGOs to raise awareness, strengthen legal frameworks, and provide support to affected communities. Collaboration between government agencies, law enforcement, traditional leaders, and local communities is essential in addressing this issue.

By consulting the above sources and organizations, you will gain a deeper understanding of the historical context of child sacrifice and the ongoing efforts to eradicate this abhorrent practice.

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