Old Testament: [07] Book of Judges

The book of Judges is one of the historical books in the Old Testament of the Bible. It follows the book of Joshua and precedes the book of Ruth. The book of Judges covers a period of Israel’s history from the death of Joshua to the establishment of the monarchy under King Saul.

The book of Judges is named after the judges who were appointed by God to lead the Israelites during this period. The judges were military leaders who delivered Israel from its enemies and who judged Israel according to God’s law. The book of Judges contains the stories of these judges, as well as the events that took place during their time of leadership.

Israelites vs Canaanites

The book of Judges begins with the death of Joshua and the subsequent failure of the Israelites to drive out the remaining Canaanites from the land. This failure led to a cycle of sin, judgment, and deliverance that would characterize the period of the judges. The cycle began with the Israelites turning away from God and worshiping false gods. This would lead to God’s judgment in the form of oppression from their enemies. The Israelites would then cry out to God for deliverance, and God would raise up a judge to deliver them.

Twelve Judges

The book of Judges contains the stories of twelve judges: Othniel, Ehud, Shamgar, Deborah, Gideon, Abimelech, Tola, Jair, Jephthah, Ibzan, Elon, and Abdon. Each judge had a unique story and a unique way in which they delivered Israel from its enemies. For example, Deborah was a prophetess who led Israel in battle against the Canaanites, while Gideon used unconventional tactics to defeat the Midianites.

One of the most famous stories in the book of Judges is the story of Samson, who was blessed with great strength by God but who also struggled with temptation and sin. Samson’s story serves as a warning against the dangers of pride and disobedience to God.

Obedience to God’s Law

The book of Judges also contains several themes that are relevant to Christians today. One of these themes is the importance of obedience to God’s law. The judges were successful when they followed God’s commands, but they failed when they turned away from Him. Another theme is the importance of trust in God. The judges were often outnumbered and outmatched by their enemies, but they trusted in God to give them victory.


In conclusion, the book of Judges is an important book in the Old Testament that contains the stories of the judges who led Israel during a turbulent period in its history. The book teaches us about the importance of obedience to God, the danger of sin and disobedience, and the importance of trust in God.

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