Old Testament: [06] Book of Joshua

The Book of Joshua is the sixth book in the Old Testament of the Bible, and it tells the story of the conquest and settlement of the land of Canaan by the Israelites under the leadership of Joshua, the successor of Moses. The book is named after its central figure, Joshua, who is also the primary protagonist of the narrative. The book is composed of 24 chapters and is primarily a historical account of the events that took place during the Israelite conquest of Canaan.

Historical Background

Before delving into the book of Joshua, it is essential to provide a historical context for the events described in the book. After the Exodus from Egypt, the Israelites wandered in the wilderness for forty years. During this time, Moses led them and received the Law from God. However, Moses was not allowed to enter the Promised Land, and he died in the wilderness. Joshua, his assistant, was chosen as his successor, and he led the Israelites into the land of Canaan.

The Conquest of Canaan

The book of Joshua begins with the Israelites crossing the Jordan River into Canaan. The first major battle was the battle of Jericho, where the walls of the city collapsed after the Israelites marched around the city for seven days. After this, the Israelites began to conquer other cities and regions in Canaan, including Ai, Hazor, and Gibeon.

The conquest of Canaan was not without its challenges. The book of Joshua describes several battles, including the battle of Ai, where the Israelites were initially defeated due to disobedience to God’s commands. However, they eventually succeeded in conquering the city with God’s help. The book also describes the conquest of the southern region of Canaan, the hill country, and the coastal plain.

The Division of the Land

After the conquest of Canaan was complete, the land was divided among the twelve tribes of Israel. The book of Joshua describes how Joshua divided the land by casting lots. Each tribe received a portion of the land, except for the Levites, who did not receive an inheritance of land but were given cities to live in.

Joshua’s Final Words

The book of Joshua concludes with Joshua’s final words to the Israelites before his death. He reminds them of God’s faithfulness and encourages them to continue to follow God’s commands. Joshua also emphasizes the importance of obedience to God, warning the Israelites of the consequences of disobedience.


The book of Joshua is an essential part of the Old Testament and provides valuable insights into the history of the Israelites. The book tells the story of the conquest of Canaan and the division of the land among the twelve tribes of Israel. It emphasizes the importance of obedience to God’s commands and reminds us of God’s faithfulness. The book of Joshua serves as a testament to God’s sovereignty and the importance of following His will.

Next Read: Book of Judges

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